Is democracy a valid concept within Islam. If not how is an Islamic
government elected and structured. If Britain was to transform
its-self into an Islamic country governed by the true "Islamic" model,
what critical changes would have to be made?
Islam separates those issues which are one and for all decided by
the revelation of the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet
Muhammad - peace be with him - and those which are to be
decided by people themselves giving due regard to the
circumstances of the time. Contrary to what is often claimed, the
majority of matters fall in the latter category, and Islamic Law (the
Shariah) is very flexible and has changed and evolved over time.
However, when making rules, these have to be based on accepted
principles laid out in the Qur'anic revelation and these include both
extensive research of a subject matter and consultation of those
involved or affected. Western democracy, on the other hand, is very
much a non-representative farce, where by voting once every now
and then people hand over authority to a government (often only
representing a minority view) who then are sovereign to do as they
please without being bound by any higher principles. The
accountability of elected representatives between elections is very
limited. Islam would favour a much more direct and devolved
system of government where state interference is reserved for
matters of key national interest only.